A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney in body of a person whose both kidneys are compromised. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the two kidneys that failed, so the patient(recipient) no longer need dialysis.
During a transplant, the surgeon places the new kidney in lower abdomen and connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to artery and vein of the body of the recipient in the grion. Often, the new kidney will start making urine as soon as blood starts flowing through it. But sometimes it takes a few weeks to start working.
Many transplanted kidneys come from donors who have died(Cadaveric Donors). Some come from a living family member. The wait for a new kidney can be long.
If a person has undergone a transplant, must take drugs for the rest of your life, to keep their body from rejecting the new transplanted kidney.