Adult Urology

Xpert Urology Care

Adult Urology

It is a subdivision that deals with urological conditions both in males as well as females.

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR BETTER UROLOGICAL HEALTH

  • Stay hydrated
  • Drink cranberry juice to help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Limit the amount of salt and caffeine you consume
  • Stay within a healthy weight range
  • Choose a smoke-free lifestyle
  • Choose alcohol free lifestyle
  • Strengthen the muscles of the pelvic area with Keagel’s exercises
  • Encourage children to urinate immediately before bed
  • Limit fluid intake in the night time hours
  • Purchase athletic cups for young boys to help prevent injury in this sensitive area
  • Instruct young girls that they should use a front-to-back motion to wipe the genital area after going to the washroom

It is vital to remember that you are the best advocate for your own urological health. The responsibility lies with you to schedule regular checkups with your urologist if indicated and make an appointment if you feel there may be a problem.

Following are some common urologic disorders affecting adult population:


BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is referred as an enlarged prostate. BPH is very common in older men. The symptoms of BPH are due to the pressure that a larger prostate can place on the urethra. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body.

Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine when they do go and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Your Urologist may choose to just monitor this condition or prescribe medications like alpha-blockers for treatment. It may also be addressed through surgery if it is severe.

INCONTINENCE

Incontinence is a loss of bladder control. It results in the unwanted release of urine. This condition can be inconvenient and embarrassing for sufferers. However, it is far from uncommon. A few of the most common causes of incontinence include:

  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy or childbirth
  • Overactive bladder
  • Enlarged prostate(BPH)
  • Weak bladder muscles(Underactive Bladder)
  • Weak sphincter muscles (muscles supporting the urethra)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Neurological diseases including Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • Constipation

In some cases, simple measures such as controlling fluid intake and some medications can be enough to address the problem. If these approaches prove ineffective, your Urologist may suggest surgery to correct the underlying cause.


URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UTIs)

UTIs are the result of undesirable yeast, bacteria or viruses that invade the urinary tract and cause infection. They are much more common in women compared to men. A burning sensation during urination is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Other symptoms might include a frequent urge to urinate, the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating, fever or blood in urine. Antibiotics can usually clear up most UTIs within a few days.


KIDNEY AND URETERAL STONES

Stones develop in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine upon which small particles collect. Ureteral stones are ones that move from the kidney into the ureter (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder). They are very common in our part of the world These stones can block urine flow and cause a considerable amount of pain. Many people end up expelling these stones from the body. But, this is not always the case. Some or other form of intervention or Surgery may be needed in most instances.


OTHER COMMON UROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AFFECTING URINARY TRACT AND MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

1. UROLOGICAL CANCERS BEING
TREATED BY UROLOGISTS

  • Urothelial Tumors of the Renal Pelvis and Ureters
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Testicular Tumors
  • Penile Cancer
  • Urethral Cancer
  • Metastatic and Advanced Prostate Cancer
  • Wilm’s tumor and Neuroblastoma affecting children

2.COMMON PROBLEMS OF THE PENIS

  • Balanitis
  • Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans
  • Balanoposthitis
  • Paraphimosis
  • Pearly Penile Papules
  • Peyronie’s Disease
  • Buried Penis
  • Priapism
  • Erectile Dysfunction

3.COMMON PROBLEMS OF THE TESTICLE

  • Cryptorchidism
  • Epididymitis
  • Epididymo-orchitis
  • Hydrocele
  • Spermatocele
  • Testicular Torsion
  • Torsion of the Appendices and Epididymis
  • Varicocele

4.COMMON PROBLEMS OF THE URETHRA

  • Urethral Caruncle
  • Urethral Diverticula
  • Urethral Prolapse
  • Urethral Syndrome
  • Urethral Warts
  • Urethritis

5.CONGENITAL UROLOGIC CONDITIONS

  • Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
  • Horseshoe Kidney and anatomical anamolies

6.COMMON SEXUAL DISORDERS

  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Hematospermia
  • Premature Ejaculation

7.urinary FISTULAS

  • Enterovesical Fistula
  • Renoalimentary Fistula
  • Ureterovaginal Fistula
  • Vesicovaginal Fistula

8.Urinary Tract Obstruction

  • Megaureter and Other Congenital Ureteral Anomalies
  • Obstructed Megaureter
  • Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
  • Ureterocele
  • Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux

9.INFECTIONS AND RELATED INFLAMMATORY CONDITIONS

  • Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
  • Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain in Men
  • Cystitis in Females
  • Emphysematous Pyelonephritis
  • Emphysematous Pyelonephritis (EPN)
  • Fournier Gangrene
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hemorrhagic Cystitis
  • Nonbacterial and Noninfectious Cystitis
  • Nonbacterial Prostatitis
  • Orchitis
  • Papillary Necrosis
  • Perinephric Abscess
  • Pyonephrosis
  • Radiation Cystitis
  • Renal Corticomedullary Abscess
  • Syphilis
  • Trigonitis
  • Tuberculosis of the Genitourinary System
  • Ureaplasma Infection
  • Uric Acid Nephropathy
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy
  • Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis

10.COMMON PROBLEMS AFFECTING BLADDER

  • Interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
  • Overactive bladder
  • Stones
  • Neurogenic Bladder

11.COMMON CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY

  • Ejaculatory Duct Obstruction
  • Sertoli-Cell-Only Syndrome
  • Bilateral Vasal Agenesis

12.COMMON STRICTURES IN UROLOGY

  • Ureteral Strictures
  • Urethral Strictures in Males and Females.

13.COMMON TRAUMA In UROLOGY

  • Bladder Trauma
  • Penile Fracture and Trauma
  • Renal Trauma
  • Scrotal Trauma
  • Testicular Trauma
  • Ureteral Injury During Gynecologic Surgery
  • Ureteral Trauma
  • Urethral Trauma
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